Essential Vitamins for Dogs Diet
What should consist perfect vitamin-mineral complexes for dogs, what supplements are necessary for your pet and where they can find it (exepting pills).
Useful supplements as essential vitamins and minerals are necessary not only for humans, but also for dogs. After all, they also suffer from adverse environmental factors, stresses and need constant support of vitality. Often the owners neglect this need, and this becomes the reason for the deterioration of the pet’s health and frequent visits to the veterinarian.
Essential vitamins for dogs
Even if you are feeding your pet comlete and balanced dog food you should be aware that this may not be enough for the growing body of a young dog or adult dog that frolics daily in the park.
As a rule, veterinarians prescribe vitamin-mineral complexes for dogs that satisfy all the needs of the dog. But before making a decision on taking vitamins, we will discuss the role of the most important in the dog’s diet.
Vitamin A, also known as retinol, improves the skin condition of a dog, has beneficial effects on bones and improves reproductive function. This vitamin is found in carrots and sea fish.
If carotene from carrots is not at all absorbed by the canine organism, then dog owners often dislike sea fish because of bones. Therefore, the optimal solution here is the introduction of oil-based vitamin A or regular fish oil into the dogs’ diet.
B vitamins in dog diet
Without these vitamins in dog diet, normal metabolism would have been impossible. Their presence in the dogs body in the required amount has a beneficial effect on the processes of renewal of blood and other cells.
Most B vitamins for dogs are found in raw meat. But not every owner is willing to feed raw meat to a pet because of the risk of infecting the animal with parasites.
Vitamins of this group are produced on the basis of brewer’s yeast, which is recommended to be introduced into the dog’s diet. In the process of growth, puppies need folic acid, it is also vitamin B 9. It can be obtained from cereal cereals, vegetables and cheese. But if for some reason the dog doesn’t receive useful substances from dog food, they must be given in the form of vitamins.
Typically, B vitamins for dogs are produced in a whole complex and one tablet can provide the daily need for these substances.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Vitamin C is primarily responsible for the pet’s immunity. Due to the fact that the dog practically does not receive ascorbic acid from products, since there are no fresh vegetables and fruits. In the process of heat treatment, it is completely destroyed.
Signs of C-vitamin deficiency are apathy, lethargy and poor appetite. And if you can’t feed the dog vegetables and fruits, give it raw liver and vitamin C in pill form.
This vitamin for dogs is responsible for the level of immunity and regulates the metabolism of phosphorus and calcium in the canine organism. In the event of a deficiency, the puppy may develop rickets at an early age, and adult dogs suffer from osteoporosis. Vitamins for dogs can found in fish oil, cottage cheese and cheese.
It is also produced in the canine organism under the influence of sunlight. But you should be careful with it in hot weather, since the dog can get a sunstroke.
This is the most powerful antioxidant for dog body, the absence of which negatively affects the reproductive function and muscle tone. Vitamin E deficiency is rare in veterinary practice, but cereals, eggs, and vegetable oil must be present in the balanced dog diet to maintain it at the proper level.
A lack of this vitamin in dog’s body can lead to liver and intestinal diseases. Puppies receive the main dose of this substance with mother’s milk during the period of active growth. Veterinarians with its deficiency prescribe treatment with complex drugs.
This vitamin is called nicotinic acid, and when it is deficient in dog’s body, problems with the appearance of the coat begin and dermatitis develops. Also, its deficiency can lead to diseases of the central nervous system and diarrhea. If the deficiency is not eliminated in time, this will lead to exhaustion of the dog’s body.
Choosing Vitamins for Dogs
The risk of vitamin deficiency in dogs with a properly selected balanced diet is very rare. But if you feed your pet only natural food in the diet, you will need the introduction of vitamin-mineral complexes.
Pay attention to the behavior of the pets. If they begins to chew on inedible objects or their coat looks dull and dry, and their eyes suffer from excessive tearing, consult your veterinarian. Only he will identify the causes and prescribe the necessary vitamins for dogs.
Minerals in Dog’ Diet
Despite the importance and variety of functions, minerals make up a small part of body weight, which is reflected in the content of these substances in the diet.
Living organisms are 63% hydrogen; 25% – oxygen; 9.5% carbon; 1.4% of nitrogen.