Best types of dog food, what it should contain, how much food and how often should eat puppy and adult dog, big list of forbidden products.
Leftovers from your table are not adapted to the needs of a puppy’s growing body – they have too many calories and lack food balance. And feeding the puppy your scraps can cause digestive upsets. You will teach him a bad habit – begging, climbing in the refrigerator and on the shelves, on the table and on your plate, eating not dog food.
In addition, handouts from the table have a bad effect on the formation of the puppy and the digestive system of the dog. The human diet contains foods that are harmful or dangerous to the dog. These include river fish, smoked sausage, spicy cheese, sandwiches with butter, pork and products with it , pickles, fried (especially on butter), etc.
These treats make the greatest harm to the dog: chocolate, sweets, biscuits, cakes, cakes, raisins and grapes (severe disorders are often observed up to the death). Such treats do more harm than good – they spoil the dog’s appetite for basic food intake. They cause obesity, allergies, skin diseases, rickets, lacrimation, and digestive problems. Prunes, dried apricots and similar products with previously removed bones will be a more useful treat for the pet. Dried fruits contain a lot of healthy fructose.
Feed Your Dog Scheduled
The dog’s further health depends on a well-formed diet, lifestyle activity and outdoor walks. When the puppy reaches the age of 4-5 weeks, it is possible to start feeding 5-6 times a day. The number of feedings can be reduced with age, but the amount of food can be increased at the same time. 2 meals a day is suitable for puppies from 7 months of age.
Feeding the dog should begin at 8-9 in the morning and end at 21-22 hours. All vets say the same: do not give the food to your dog at night! Place a bowl of dog food only for the time during which the puppy eats enough – 15-20 minutes. After that, remove it until the next feeding time.
A puppy should not walk around the bowl all day and eat all food at a time.
The usual diet favors digestion and good peristalsis. Do not feed the dog before exercise and travel to avoid vomiting and stomach upset.
Adjust the amount of food
Instructions on feed packages are only recommendations. Depending on the weight, lifestyle, level of activity, weather conditions, the lunar cycle and other factors, each puppy has its own needs. Your puppy should not starve or overeat, check its condition. It will be in perfect shape if you adjust its daily diet.
Water is extremely important for puppy’s health. Make sure it always has fresh, clean water available. This is necessary for digestion and absorption of nutrients in the body. Put bowls of dog food and water in a place where the pet feels calm.
Switch to adult nutrition gradually
When the puppy is 12 months old, he will be ready to switch to an adult formula.
Extra calories and nutrients that were needed during active growth are no longer needed. Start adding adult dog food to your puppy’s food to minimize potential disruptions. Gradually increase the proportion of adult food until the puppy is fully adapted within 7-10 days.
Specialized feeds vary in composition according to the age of the pet. The different compositions of dog food meet the needs of the dog. Food for active animals does not suit calm individuals, Sporting dogs need more protein, and those who do not lead an active lifestyle will get an excess of it.
Do not feed puppies with adult dog food and vice versa. A lactating dog can eat food for pregnant dogs, which will be beneficial for both the nursing female and the puppies. Buy food according to your dog’s age, anatomical group and energy costs.
Find a dog food company that fits your puppy in every way. Frequent food changes are not recommended. Do not mix foods from different manufacturers. This can cause an imbalance in the proportions in the composition of the feed and lead to indigestion, allergies and similar consequences. Follow recommended feeding rates.
Specialized feeds already contain the entire diet that the dog needs. Natural, specialized, canning products should not be mixed with other foods and products and among themselves. The reason for the frequent mistakes is that the owners consider canned food an additive, but it is actually a completely balanced diet.
What if you do not want or cannot use specialized food?
Natural food can provide the dog with all the nutrients. It is important to balance nutrition (proteins, carbohydrates, fats, phosphorus, calcium, trace elements and vitamins). When compiling a diet, several conditions must be taken into account:
1. Protein products will enhance dog growth. If your pet is exhibiting and growth restrictions are important when evaluating, you should not give your dog exclusively meat food. It should be no more than 20% in the total diet. The meat that you buy should be checked by the veterinary service, be without small fragments of bone, especially tubular. Digestion of a dog may not be able to cope with pork and fat, and it is also not worth risking with bony fish.
2. A dog is allowed to eat up to 2 raw eggs per week.
3. Do not feed the dog potatoes, but from time to time you can treat it with a slice of raw potatoes.
4. Raw or boiled carrots are good for dogs, but can help discolor their coat. Show dogs should better avoid it.
5. Dog food should be varied and tasty.
6. It is better to cook porridge for a dog from buckwheat or rice.
7. All dog food should be salt free.
8. Dogs are forbidden to eat butter, raisings, grapes, seeds and pits of vegetables and fruits, macadamia, alcohol and coffein in any ways, xylitol, onion, garlic, chocolate, bones, any fatty, fried, smoked, rotten or moldy food, bread, yeast dough, beans and offal.
9. Milk is not recommended; it is better to replace it with yogurt or another low-fat dairy product.
10. Be sure to include vitamins and minerals in the menu in the amount that they need for the weight and age of your pet per day.